She is pretty sure most metal involved in most industrial processes is probably steel which she thinks is iron with carbon on it but she isn't sure how to translate that since she doesn't remember the atomic number of iron, though she thinks carbon might be 8. She doesn't know anything about this topic really and should not be taken as an authority on it.
She thinks the ology part is from Latin and means "the study of" and the "log" part means maybe words in particular, no guesses on "etym". It's commonly confused with entomology, the study of bugs.
She has no idea how zippers work but they can look at the front pouch on her backpack while she zips and unzips it.
There is lots of dialectical variation among English speakers since lots of different countries have it as a major first language and it's the most popular second language in the world. People who are technically speaking English don't always understand each other unless they're trying and succeeding at moderating their accents toward a sort of global standard; her own accent is not that far off the global standard, because she is from a country that talks a lot like the neighboring country that produces most of the popular movies.
Cars run on gasoline which is made from petroleum which is icky stuff found underground.
Her society is a democracy; adults - people a couple years older than her - can vote on representatives who in turn vote on policy.